The eastern part of the continent of Eurasia, washed by the waters of the Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean, Europe is a synonym for civilization, enlightenment, culture, science and art. At 10.5 million square meters. km are located 43 states in which live a total of 830 million people - almost 1/8 of the world's population. It is not surprising that with such “initial data” Europe literally breaks with various cultural values: architectural and historical monuments, the most valuable examples of painting and sculpture, religious relics and all that restless humanity has created over the long centuries of its existence on European lands.